Table_1_The Effect of Dose Adjustments in a Subsequent Cycle of Women With Suboptimal Response Following Conventional Ovarian Stimulation.docx
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Several infertile patients, who may even represent around 40% of the infertile cohort, may respond “suboptimally” (4–9 oocytes retrieved) following IVF, despite being predicted as normal responders. The aim of our longitudinal study was to evaluate the ovarian response of suboptimal responders in terms of the number of oocytes retrieved, following their second IVF cycle, evaluating exclusively patients who had the same stimulation protocol and used the same or higher initial dose of the same type of gonadotropin compared to their previous failed IVF attempt. Overall, our analysis included 160 patients treated with a fixed antagonist protocol in their second cycle with the same [53 (33.1%)] or higher [107 (66.9%)] starting dose of rFSH. The number of oocytes retrieved was significantly higher in the second IVF cycle [6 (5–8) vs. 9 (6–12), p < 0.001]. According to our results, a dose increment of rFSH remained the only significant predictor of the number of oocytes retrieved in the subsequent IVF cycle (coefficient 0.02, p-value = 0.007) after conducting GEE multivariate regression, while adjusting for relevant confounders. A regression coefficient of 0.02 for the starting dose implies that an increase of 50 IU of the initial rFSH dose would lead to 1 more oocyte.
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