Table_1_TabZIP74 Acts as a Positive Regulator in Wheat Stripe Rust Resistance and Involves Root Development by mRNA Splicing.xlsx (12.62 kB)

Table_1_TabZIP74 Acts as a Positive Regulator in Wheat Stripe Rust Resistance and Involves Root Development by mRNA Splicing.xlsx

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posted on 27.11.2019 by Fengtao Wang, Ruiming Lin, Yuanyuan Li, Pei Wang, Jing Feng, Wanquan Chen, Shichang Xu

Basic leucine zipper (bZIP) membrane-bound transcription factors (MTFs) play important roles in regulating plant growth and development, abiotic stress responses, and disease resistance. Most bZIP MTFs are key components of signaling pathways in endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress responses. In this study, a full-length cDNA sequence encoding bZIP MTF, designated TabZIP74, was isolated from a cDNA library of wheat near-isogenic lines of Taichung29*6/Yr10 inoculated with an incompatible race CYR32 of Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst). Phylogenic analysis showed that TabZIP74 is highly homologous to ZmbZIP60 in maize and OsbZIP74 in rice. The mRNA of TabZIP74 was predicted to form a secondary structure with two kissing hairpin loops that could be spliced, causing an open reading frame shift immediately before the hydrophobic region to produce a new TabZIP74 protein without the transmembrane domain. Pst infection and the abiotic polyethylene glycol (PEG) and abscisic acid (ABA) treatments lead to TabZIP74 mRNA splicing in wheat seedling leaves, while both spliced and unspliced forms in roots were detected. In the confocal microscopic examination, TabZIP74 is mobilized in the nucleus from the membrane of tobacco epidermal cells in response to wounding. Knocking down TabZIP74 with barley stripe mosaic virus-induced gene silencing (BSMV-VIGS) enhanced wheat seedling susceptibility to stripe rust and decreased drought tolerance and lateral roots of silenced plants. These findings demonstrate that TabZIP74 mRNA is induced to splice when stressed by biotic and abiotic factors, acts as a critically positive regulator for wheat stripe rust resistance and drought tolerance, and is necessary for lateral root development.

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