Table_1_Risks of Placenta Previa and Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy Are Associated With Endometrial Preparation Methods in Frozen-Thawed Embryo Transfers.DOCX
Background: Endometrial preparation is essential in frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) cycles. Recent studies suggested that different endometrial preparation methods may influence obstetrical complications. However, the association between hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and ovarian stimulation (OS) FET endometrial preparation and obstetrical complications remains unknown.
Methods: This retrospective cohort study included a total of 79,662 confirmed embryo transfer cycles during the period from January 2003 to December 2019. After exclusion, the remaining cases were categorized into an ovarian stimulation FET group (OS FET group, n = 29,121) and a hormone replacement therapy FET group (HRT FET group, n = 26,776) and subjected to the analyses. The primary outcome was the rate of obstetrical complications included placenta previa, placenta abruption, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP), placenta accreta, gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), preterm premature rupture of the membrane (pPROM). The secondary outcome was pregnancy outcomes such as live birth rate, birth weight, pre-term and post-term delivery and cesarean sections. In order to minimize the bias, 10 pregnancy-related factors were adjusted in multiple logistic regression analysis.
Results: Placenta previa (0.6 vs. 1.2%, P < 0.001) and HDP (3.5 vs. 5.3%, P < 0.001) were found lower in the OS FET than HRT FET group. Cesarean section was observed lower in the OS than HRT group (76.3 vs. 84.3%, P < 0.001). After adjustment for 10 important pregnancy-related confounding factors, we found that the risk of placenta previa (aOR 0.54, 95% CI 0.39–0.73) and HDP (aOR 0.65, 95% CI 0.57–0.75) and cesarean section (aOR 0.61, 95% CI 0.57–0.66) were still significantly reduced in the OS than HRT group. Furthermore, live birth rates were higher (80.0 vs. 76.0%, P < 0.001), and the miscarriage rate was lower (17.7 vs. 21.3%, P < 0.001) for pregnancies conceived with OS FET than with HRT FET. And the average birth weight was lower in the OS group compared to HRT group (2982.3 ± 636.4 vs. 3025.0 ± 659.0, P < 0.001), as well as the small-for-gestational age (SGA) was higher (8.7 vs. 7.2%, P < 0.001) and the large-for-gestational age (LGA) was lower (7.2 vs. 8.6%, P < 0.001) in the OS group than in the HRT group.
Conclusions: The risks of placenta previa and HDP were lower in patients conceiving after OS FET than in those after HRT FET. Further prospective studies are required to further clarify the mechanism underlying the association between endometrium preparation and obstetrical complications.
Read the peer-reviewed publication
- Radiology and Organ Imaging
- Foetal Development and Medicine
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology
- Primary Health Care
- Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified
- Emergency Medicine
- Gastroenterology and Hepatology
- Geriatrics and Gerontology
- Intensive Care
- Medical Genetics (excl. Cancer Genetics)
- Nephrology and Urology
- Nuclear Medicine
- Pathology (excl. Oral Pathology)
- Family Care