Table_1_REM34 and REM35 Control Female and Male Gametophyte Development in Arabidopsis thaliana.docx (6.75 MB)

Table_1_REM34 and REM35 Control Female and Male Gametophyte Development in Arabidopsis thaliana.docx

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posted on 24.10.2019 by Francesca Caselli, Veronica Maria Beretta, Otho Mantegazza, Rosanna Petrella, Giulia Leo, Andrea Guazzotti, Humberto Herrera-Ubaldo, Stefan de Folter, Marta Adelina Mendes, Martin M. Kater, Veronica Gregis

The REproductive Meristem (REM) gene family encodes for transcription factors belonging to the B3 DNA binding domain superfamily. In Arabidopsis thaliana, the REM gene family is composed of 45 members, preferentially expressed during flower, ovule, and seed developments. Only a few members of this family have been functionally characterized: VERNALIZATION1 (VRN1) and, most recently, TARGET OF FLC AND SVP1 (TFS1) regulate flowering time and VERDANDI (VDD), together with VALKYRIE (VAL) that control the death of the receptive synergid cell in the female gametophyte. We investigated the role of REM34, REM35, and REM36, three closely related and linked genes similarly expressed in both female and male gametophytes. Simultaneous silencing by RNA interference (RNAi) caused about 50% of the ovules to remain unfertilized. Careful evaluation of both ovule and pollen developments showed that this partial sterility of the transgenic RNAi lines was due to a postmeiotic block in both female and male gametophytes. Furthermore, protein interaction assays revealed that REM34 and REM35 interact, which suggests that they work together during the first stages of gametogenesis.

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