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Table_1_Proton Pump Inhibitors Increase the Risk of Autoimmune Diseases: A Nationwide Cohort Study.docx (14.04 kB)
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Table_1_Proton Pump Inhibitors Increase the Risk of Autoimmune Diseases: A Nationwide Cohort Study.docx

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posted on 2021-09-30, 04:57 authored by Sheng-Hong Lin, Yu-Sheng Chang, Tzu-Min Lin, Li-Fang Hu, Tsung-Yun Hou, Hui-Ching Hsu, Yu-Chuan Shen, Pei-I Kuo, Wei-Sheng Chen, Yi-Chun Lin, Jin-Hua Chen, Chi-Ching Chang
Background

Previous study revealed proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) have an effect on gut microbiota. Alteration of the microbiome causes changes of the host immune system and then induces the development of autoimmune diseases (ADs). This study aimed to explore the possible association between PPIs use and ADs.

Methods

This study was conducted using data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database in the period between 2002 and 2015. We performed multivariate and stratified analysis through the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazard models to estimate the association between proton pump inhibitor use and the risk of autoimmune diseases.

Results

Of the 297,099 patients treated with PPI identified, the overall mean (SD) age was 49.17 (15.63) years and 56.28% of the subjects was male. As compared with the non-PPI group, the adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) were higher for incident organ specific ADs such as Graves disease (aHR=3.28), Hashmoto thyroiditis (aHR=3.61), autoimmune hemolytic anemia (aHR=8.88), immune thrombocytopenic purpura (aHR=5.05) Henoch-Schonlein pupura (aHR=4.83) and Myasthenia gravis (aHR=8.73). Furthermore, the adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) were also higher for incident systemic ADs such as ankylosing spondylitis (aHR=3.67), rheumatoid arthritis (aHR=3.96), primary Sjogren syndrome (aHR=7.81), systemic lupus erythemtoasus (aHR=7.03). systemic vasculitis (aHR=5.10), psoriasis (aHR=2.57), systemic scleroderma (aHR=15.85) and inflammatory myopathy (aHR=37.40). Furthermore, we observed no dose-dependent effect between PPI use and the risk of ADs.

Conclusions

Our retrospective population-based cohort study showed that the prescription of proton pump inhibitors is associated with a higher risk of ADs.

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