Table_1_Preoperative Evaluation of Perineural Invasion in Cervical Cancer: Development and Independent Validation of a Novel Predictive Nomogram.xlsx
Perineural invasion (PNI) is associated with a poor prognosis for cervical cancer and influences surgical strategies. However, a preoperative evaluation that can determine PNI in cervical cancer patients is lacking.Methods
After 1:1 propensity score matching, 162 cervical cancer patients with PNI and 162 cervical cancer patients without PNI were included in the training set. Forty-nine eligible patients were enrolled in the validation set. The PNI-positive and PNI-negative groups were compared. Multivariate logistic regression was performed to build the PNI prediction nomogram.Results
Age [odds ratio (OR), 1.028; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.999–1.058], adenocarcinoma (OR, 1.169; 95% CI, 0.675–2.028), tumor size (OR, 1.216; 95% CI, 0.927–1.607), neoadjuvant chemotherapy (OR, 0.544; 95% CI, 0.269–1.083), lymph node enlargement (OR, 1.953; 95% CI, 1.086–3.550), deep stromal invasion (OR, 1.639; 95% CI, 0.977–2.742), and full-layer invasion (OR, 5.119; 95% CI, 2.788–9.799) were integrated in the PNI prediction nomogram based on multivariate logistic regression. The PNI prediction nomogram exhibited satisfactory performance, with areas under the curve of 0.763 (95% CI, 0.712–0.815) for the training set and 0.860 (95% CI, 0.758–0.961) for the validation set. Moreover, after reviewing the pathological slides of patients in the validation set, four patients initially diagnosed as PNI-negative were recognized as PNI-positive. All these four patients with false-negative PNI were correctly predicted to be PNI-positive (predicted p > 0.5) by the nomogram, which improved the PNI detection rate.Conclusion
The nomogram has potential to assist clinicians when evaluating the PNI status, reduce misdiagnosis, and optimize surgical strategies for patients with cervical cancer.