Table_1_Predictors and Mortality of Rapidly Progressive Interstitial Lung Disease in Patients With Idiopathic Inflammatory Myopathy: A Series of 474 Patients.pdf
Objective: This study was conducted to identify the characteristics and prognosis of rapidly progressive interstitial lung disease (RP-ILD) in idiopathic inflammatory myopathy (IIM) and to assess the predictors for poor survival of RP-ILD in IIM.
Methods: A total of 474 patients with IIM were enrolled retrospectively according to medical records from Peking University People's Hospital. Clinical and laboratory characteristics recorded at the diagnosis of patients with RP-ILD and chronic ILD (C-ILD) were compared. The Kaplan–Meier estimator and univariate and multivariate analyses were used for data analysis.
Results: ILD was identified in 65% (308/474) of patients with IIM. Patients with ILD were classified into two groups based on lung features: RP-ILD (38%, 117/308) and C-ILD (62%, 191/308). RP-ILD resulted in significantly higher mortality in IIM compared with C-ILD (27.4 vs. 7.9%, P < 0.05). In this study, by comparing IIM patients with and without RP-ILD, a list of initial predictors for RP-ILD development were identified, which included older age at onset, decreased peripheral lymphocytes, skin involvement (periungual erythema, skin ulceration, and subcutaneous/mediastinal emphysema), presence of anti-MDA5 antibody, serum tumor markers, etc. Further multivariate Cox proportional hazards model analysis identified that anti-MDA5 positivity was an independent risk factor for mortality due to RP-ILD (P < 0.05), and lymphocytes <30% in BALF might also be associated with poor survival of myositis-associated RP-ILD (P < 0.05).
Conclusion: Our study shows that RP-ILD results in increased mortality in IIM. Anti-MDA5 positivity and a lower lymphocyte ratio in BALF might be the predictive factor of mortality due to RP-ILD.
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