Table_1_Predicting Treatment Response of Neoadjuvant Chemoradiotherapy in Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer Using Amide Proton Transfer MRI Combined With Diffusion-Weighted Imaging.docx
To evaluate amide proton weighted (APTw) MRI combined with diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in predicting neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NCRT) response in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC).Methods
53 patients with LARC were enrolled in this retrospective study. MR examination including APTw MRI and DWI was performed before and after NCRT. APTw SI, ADC value, tumor size, CEA level before and after NCRT were assessed. The difference of the above parameters between before and after NCRT was calculated. The tumor regression grading (TRG) was assessed by American Joint Committee on Cancer’s Cancer Staging Manual AJCC 8th score. The Shapiro-Wilk test, paired t-test and Wilcoxon Signed Ranks test, two-sample t-test, Mann-Whitney U test and multivariate analysis were used for statistical analysis.Results
Of the 53 patients, 19 had good responses (TRG 0-1), 34 had poor responses (TRG 2-3). After NCRT, all the rectal tumors demonstrated decreased APT values, increased ADC values, reduced tumor volumes and CEA levels (all p < 0.001). Good responders demonstrated higher pre-APT values, higher Δ APT values, lower pre- ADC values and higher Δ tumor volumes than poor responders. Pre-APT combined with pre-ADC achieved the best diagnostic performance, with AUC of 0.895 (sensitivity of 85.29%, specificity of 89.47%, p < 0.001) in predicting good response to NCRT.Conclusion
The combination of APTw and DWI may serve as a noninvasive biomarker for evaluating and identifying response to NCRT in LARC patients.