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Table_1_Precision Mapping of a Maize MAGIC Population Identified a Candidate Gene for the Senescence-Associated Physiological Traits.docx (79.11 kB)

Table_1_Precision Mapping of a Maize MAGIC Population Identified a Candidate Gene for the Senescence-Associated Physiological Traits.docx

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posted on 2021-10-04, 04:34 authored by Marlon Caicedo, Eduardo D. Munaiz, Rosa A. Malvar, José C. Jiménez, Bernardo Ordas

Senescence is an important trait in maize (Zea mais L.), a key crop that provides nutrition values and a renewable source of bioenergy worldwide. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) can be used to identify causative genetic variants that influence the major physiological measures of senescence, which is used by plants as a defense mechanism against abiotic and biotic stresses affecting its performance. We measured four physiological and two agronomic traits that affect senescence. Six hundred seventy-two recombinant inbred lines (RILs) were evaluated in two consecutive years. Thirty-six candidate genes were identified by genome-wide association study (GWAS), and 11 of them were supported by additional evidence for involvement in senescence-related processes including proteolysis, sugar transport, and sink activity. We identified a candidate gene, Zm00001d043586, significantly associated with chlorophyll, and independently studied its transcription expression in an independent panel. Our results showed that Zm00001d043586 affects chlorophyl rate degradation, a key determinant of senescence, at late plant development stages. These results contribute to better understand the genetic relationship of the important trait senescence with physiology related parameters in maize and provide new putative molecular markers that can be used in marker assisted selection for line development.

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