Table_1_Novel Cesium Resistance Mechanism of Alkaliphilic Bacterium Isolated From Jumping Spider Ground Extract.DOCX
The radionuclide isotopes (134Cs and 137Cs) of Cesium (Cs), an alkali metal, are attracting attention as major causes of radioactive contamination. Although Cs+ is harmful to the growth of plants and bacteria, alkaliphilic bacterium Microbacterium sp. TS-1, isolated from a jumping spider, showed growth even in the presence of 1.2 M CsCl. The maximum concentration of Cs+ that microorganisms can withstand has been reported to be 700 mM till date, suggesting that the strain TS-1 is resistant to a high concentration of Cs ions. Multiple reports of cesium ion-resistant bacteria have been reported, but the detailed mechanism has not yet been elucidated. We obtained Cs ion-sensitive mutants and their revertant mutants from strain TS-1 and identified a Cs ion resistance-related gene, MTS1_00475, by performing SNP analysis of the whole-genome sequence data. When exposed to more than 200 mM Cs+ concentration, the intracellular Cs+ concentration was constantly lowered by MTS1_00475, which encodes the novel low-affinity Cs+/H+ antiporter. This study is the first to clarify the mechanism of cesium resistance in unexplained cesium-resistant microorganisms. By clarifying the new cesium resistance mechanism, it can be expected to be used as a bioremediation tool for treating radioactive Cs+ contaminated water.