Table_1_Molecular Typing of Gastric Cancer Based on Invasion-Related Genes and Prognosis-Related Features.docx (14.33 kB)
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Table_1_Molecular Typing of Gastric Cancer Based on Invasion-Related Genes and Prognosis-Related Features.docx

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posted on 03.06.2022, 04:05 authored by Haonan Guo, Hui Tang, Yang Zhao, Qianwen Zhao, Xianliang Hou, Lei Ren
Background

This study aimed to construct a prognostic stratification system for gastric cancer (GC) using tumour invasion-related genes to more accurately predict the clinical prognosis of GC.

Methodology

Tumour invasion-related genes were downloaded from CancerSEA, and their expression data in the TCGA-STAD dataset were used to cluster samples via non-negative matrix factorisation (NMF). Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between subtypes were identified using the limma package. KEGG pathway and GO functional enrichment analyses were conducted using the WebGestaltR package (v0.4.2). The immune scores of molecular subtypes were evaluated using the R package ESTIMATE, MCPcounter and the ssGSEA function of the GSVA package. Univariate, multivariate and lasso regression analyses of DEGs were performed using the coxph function of the survival package and the glmnet package to construct a RiskScore model. The robustness of the model was validated using internal and external datasets, and a nomogram was constructed based on the model.

Results

Based on 97 tumour invasion-related genes, 353 GC samples from TCGA were categorised into two subtypes, thereby indicating the presence of inter-subtype differences in prognosis. A total of 569 DEGs were identified between the two subtypes; of which, four genes were selected to construct the risk model. This four-gene signature was robust and exhibited stable predictive performance in different platform datasets (GSE26942 and GSE66229), indicating that the established model performed better than other existing models.

Conclusion

A prognostic stratification system based on a four-gene signature was developed with a desirable area under the curve in the training and independent validation sets. Therefore, the use of this system as a molecular diagnostic test is recommended to assess the prognostic risk of patients with GC.

History

References