Table_1_Metabolomic Characterization of Fatty Acids in Patients With Coronary Artery Ectasias.xlsx
Background: We used a targeted metabolomics approach to identify fatty acid (FA) metabolites that distinguished patients with coronary artery ectasia (CAE) from healthy Controls and patients with coronary artery disease (CAD).
Materials and methods: Two hundred fifty-two human subjects were enrolled in our study, such as patients with CAE, patients with CAD, and Controls. All the subjects were diagnosed by coronary angiography. Plasma metabolomic profiles of FAs were determined by an ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to triple quadrupole mass spectrometric (UPLC-QqQ-MS/MS).
Results: Ninety-nine plasma metabolites were profiled in the discovery sets (n = 72), such as 35 metabolites of arachidonic acid (AA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), 10 FAs, and 54 phospholipids. Among these metabolites, 36 metabolites of AA, EPA, and DHA showed the largest difference between CAE and Controls or CAD. 12-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (12-HETE), 17(S)-hydroxydocosahexaenoic acid (17-HDoHE), EPA, AA, and 5-HETE were defined as a biomarker panel in peripheral blood to distinguish CAE from CAD and Controls in a discovery set (n = 72) and a validation set (n = 180). This biomarker panel had a better diagnostic performance than metabolite alone in differentiating CAE from Controls and CAD. The areas under the ROC curve of the biomarker panel were 0.991 and 0.836 for CAE versus Controls and 1.00 and 0.904 for CAE versus CAD in the discovery and validation sets, respectively.
Conclusions: Our findings revealed that the metabolic profiles of FAs in the plasma from patients with CAE can be distinguished from those of Controls and CAD. Differences in FAs metabolites may help to interpret pathological mechanisms of CAE.