Table_1_Management of Primary Central Nervous System Lymphoma Using Intra-Arterial Chemotherapy With Osmotic Blood-Brain Barrier Disruption: Retrospective Analysis of the Sherbrooke Cohort.docx
Primary central nervous system lymphomas (PCNSL) are rare and aggressive CNS tumors. Current management involves high-dose methotrexate (HD-MTX) typically administered intravenously (IV), despite the existence of the blood-brain barrier (BBB), which significantly decreases its bioavailability. Cerebral intra-arterial chemotherapy (CIAC) coupled with osmotic BBB disruption (OBBBD) can theoretically circumvent this issue.Methods
We performed a retrospective analysis of patients with newly diagnosed PCNSL treated with HD-MTX-based CIAC+OBBBD at our center between November 1999 and May 2018. OBBBD was achieved using a 25% mannitol intra-arterial infusion. Patients were followed clinically and radiologically every month until death or remission. Demographics, clinical and outcome data were collected from the medical record. All imaging studies were reviewed for evidence of complication and outcome assessment. Kaplan-Meier analyses were used to compute remission, progression-free survival (PFS) as well as overall survival times. Subgroup analyses were performed using the log rank test.Results
Forty-four patients were included in the cohort. Median follow-up was 38 months. Complete response was achieved in 34 patients (79%) at a median of 7.3 months. Actuarial median survival and PFS were 45 months and 24 months, respectively. Age, ECOG and lesion location did not impact outcome. Complications included thrombocytopenia (39%), neutropenia (20%), anemia (5%), seizures (11%), stroke (2%), and others (20%).Conclusion
CIAC using HD-MTX-based protocols with OBBBD is a safe and well-tolerated procedure for the management of PCNSL. Our data suggests better PFS and survival outcomes compared to IV protocols with less hematologic toxicity and good tolerability, especially in the elderly.