Table_1_Improvement of Neoantigen Identification Through Convolution Neural Network.xlsx (1.9 MB)
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Table_1_Improvement of Neoantigen Identification Through Convolution Neural Network.xlsx

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posted on 25.05.2021, 05:04 authored by Qing Hao, Ping Wei, Yang Shu, Yi-Guan Zhang, Heng Xu, Jun-Ning Zhao

Accurate prediction of neoantigens and the subsequent elicited protective anti-tumor response are particularly important for the development of cancer vaccine and adoptive T-cell therapy. However, current algorithms for predicting neoantigens are limited by in vitro binding affinity data and algorithmic constraints, inevitably resulting in high false positives. In this study, we proposed a deep convolutional neural network named APPM (antigen presentation prediction model) to predict antigen presentation in the context of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I alleles. APPM is trained on large mass spectrometry (MS) HLA-peptides datasets and evaluated with an independent MS benchmark. Results show that APPM outperforms the methods recommended by the immune epitope database (IEDB) in terms of positive predictive value (PPV) (0.40 vs. 0.22), which will further increase after combining these two approaches (PPV = 0.51). We further applied our model to the prediction of neoantigens from consensus driver mutations and identified 16,000 putative neoantigens with hallmarks of ‘drivers’.

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