Table_1_Hypoxia-Induced miR-148a Downregulation Contributes to Poor Survival in Colorectal Cancer.xlsx (568.39 kB)
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Table_1_Hypoxia-Induced miR-148a Downregulation Contributes to Poor Survival in Colorectal Cancer.xlsx

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posted on 31.05.2021, 06:15 by Stepan Nersisyan, Alexei Galatenko, Milena Chekova, Alexander Tonevitsky

Hypoxia is an extensively investigated condition due to its contribution to various pathophysiological processes including cancer progression and metastasis formation. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are well-known post-transcriptional gene expression regulators. However, their contribution to molecular response to hypoxia is highly dependent on cell/tissue types and causes of hypoxia. One of the most important examples is colorectal cancer, where no consensus on hypoxia-regulated miRNAs has been reached so far. In this work, we applied integrated mRNA and small RNA sequencing, followed by bioinformatics analysis, to study the landscape of hypoxia-induced miRNA and mRNA expression alterations in human colorectal cancer cell lines (HT-29 and Caco-2). A hypoxic microenvironment was chemically modeled using two different treatments: cobalt(II) chloride and oxyquinoline. Only one miRNA, hsa-miR-210-3p, was upregulated in all experimental conditions, while there were nine differentially expressed miRNAs under both treatments within the same cell line. Further bioinformatics analysis revealed a complex hypoxia-induced regulatory network: hypoxic downregulation of hsa-miR-148a-3p led to the upregulation of its two target genes, ITGA5 and PRNP, which was shown to be a factor contributing to tumor progression and poor survival in colorectal cancer patients.

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