Table_1_Hollow WO3/SnO2 Hetero-Nanofibers: Controlled Synthesis and High Efficiency of Acetone Vapor Detection.docx (69.94 kB)
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Table_1_Hollow WO3/SnO2 Hetero-Nanofibers: Controlled Synthesis and High Efficiency of Acetone Vapor Detection.docx

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posted on 22.11.2019, 15:45 authored by Hongyun Shao, Minxuan Huang, Hao Fu, Shaopeng Wang, Liwei Wang, Jie Lu, Yinghui Wang, Kefu Yu

Metal oxide hetero-nanostructures have widely been used as the core part of chemical gas sensors. To improve the dispersion state of each constituent and the poor stability that exists in heterogeneous gas sensing materials, a uniaxial electro-spinning method combined with calcination was applied to synthesize pure SnO2 and three groups of WO3/SnO2 (WO3 of 0.1, 0.3, 0.9 wt%) hetero-nanofibers (HNFs) in our work. A series of characterizations prove that the products present hollow and fibrous structures composed of even nanoparticles while WO3 is uniformly distributed into the SnO2 matrix. Gas sensing tests display that the WO3/SnO2 (0.3 wt%) sensor not only exhibits the highest response (30.28) and excellent selectivity to acetone vapor at the lower detection temperature (170°C), 6 times higher than that of pure SnO2 (5.2), but still achieves a considerable response (4.7) when the acetone concentration is down to 100 ppb with the corresponding response/recovery times of 50/200 s, respectively. Such structure obviously enhances the gas sensing performance toward acetone which guides the construction of a highly sensitive acetone sensor. Meanwhile, the enhancement mechanism of such a special sensor is also discussed in detail.

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