Table_1_Gray Matter Structural and Functional Alterations in Idiopathic Blepharospasm: A Multimodal Meta-Analysis of VBM and Functional Neuroimaging Studies.docx
Neuroimaging studies have shown gray matter structural and functional alterations in patients with idiopathic blepharospasm (iBSP) but with variations. Here we aimed to investigate the specific and common neurostructural/functional abnormalities in patients with iBSP.Methods
A systematic literature search from PubMed, Web of Science and Embase was conducted to identify relevant publications. We conducted separate meta-analysis for whole-brain voxel-based morphometry (VBM) studies and for functional imaging studies, and a multimodal meta-analysis across VBM and functional studies in iBSP, using anisotropic effect size-based signed differential mapping.Results
The structural database comprised 129 patients with iBSP and 144 healthy controls whilst the functional database included 183 patients with iBSP and 253 healthy controls. The meta-analysis of VBM studies showed increased gray matter in bilateral precentral and postcentral gyri, right supplementary motor area and bilateral paracentral lobules, while decreased gray matter in right superior and inferior parietal gyri, left inferior parietal gyrus, left inferior temporal gyrus, left fusiform gyrus and parahippocampal gyrus. The meta-analysis of functional studies revealed hyperactivity in right dorsolateral superior frontal gyrus, left thalamus and right fusiform gyrus, while hypoactivity in left temporal pole, left insula, left precentral gyrus, bilateral precuneus and paracentral lobules, right supplementary motor area and middle frontal gyrus. The multimodal meta-analysis identified conjoint anatomic and functional changes in left precentral gyrus, bilateral supplementary motor areas and paracentral lobules, right inferior occipital gyrus and fusiform gyrus.Conclusions
The patterns of conjoint and dissociated gray matter alterations identified in the meta-analysis may enhance our understanding of the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying iBSP.