Table_1_Genotype–Phenotype Association Analysis Reveals New Pathogenic Factors for Osteogenesis Imperfecta Disease.xlsx (25.65 kB)
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Table_1_Genotype–Phenotype Association Analysis Reveals New Pathogenic Factors for Osteogenesis Imperfecta Disease.xlsx

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posted on 15.10.2019, 05:02 authored by Jingru Shi, Meng Ren, Jinmeng Jia, Muxue Tang, Yongli Guo, Xin Ni, Tieliu Shi

Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI), mainly caused by structural abnormalities of type I collagen, is a hereditary rare disease characterized by increased bone fragility and reduced bone mass. Clinical manifestations of OI mostly include multiple repeated bone fractures, thin skin, blue sclera, hearing loss, cardiovascular and pulmonary system abnormalities, triangular face, dentinogenesis imperfecta (DI), and walking with assistance. Currently, 20 causative genes with 18 subtypes have been identified for OI, of them, variations in COL1A1 and COL1A2 have been demonstrated to be major causative factors to OI. However, the complexity of the bone formation process indicates that there are potential new pathogenic genes associated with OI. To comprehensively explore the underlying mechanism of OI, we conducted association analysis between genotypes and phenotypes of OI diseases and found that mutations in COL1A1 and COL1A2 contributed to a large proportion of the disease phenotypes. We categorized the clinical phenotypes and the genotypes based on the variation types for those 155 OI patients collected from literature, and association study revealed that three phenotypes (bone deformity, DI, walking with assistance) were enriched in two variation types (the Gly-substitution missense and groups of frameshift, nonsense, and splicing variations). We also identified four novel variations (c.G3290A (p.G1097D), c.G3289C (p.G1097R), c.G3289A (p.G1097S), c.G3281A (p.G1094D)) in gene COL1A1 and two novel variations (c.G2332T (p.G778C), c.G2341T (p.G781C)) in gene COL1A2, which could potentially contribute to the disease. In addition, we identified several new potential pathogenic genes (ADAMTS2, COL5A2, COL8A1) based on the integration of protein–protein interaction and pathway enrichment analysis. Our study provides new insights into the association between genotypes and phenotypes of OI and novel information for dissecting the underlying mechanism of the disease.

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