Table_1_Genome-Wide Association Study of Tacrolimus Pharmacokinetics Identifies Novel Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms in the Convalescence and Stabili.XLSX (24.13 kB)

Table_1_Genome-Wide Association Study of Tacrolimus Pharmacokinetics Identifies Novel Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms in the Convalescence and Stabilization Periods of Post-transplant Liver Function.XLSX

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posted on 31.05.2019, 08:31 by Yuan Liu, Chengdong Zhang, Lei Li, Baochi Ou, Liyun Yuan, Tao Zhang, Junwei Fan, Zhihai Peng

After liver transplantation, the liver function of a patient is gradually restored over a period of time that can be divided into a convalescence period (CP) and a stabilizing period (SP). The plasma concentration of tacrolimus, an immunosuppressant commonly used to prevent organ rejection, varies as a result of variations in its metabolism. The effects of genetic and clinical factors on the plasma concentration of tacrolimus appear to differ in the CP and SP. To establish a model explaining the variation in tacrolimus trough concentration between individuals in the CP and SP, we conducted a retrospective, single-center, discovery study of 115 pairs of patients (115 donors and 115 matched recipients) who had undergone liver transplantation. Donors and recipients were genotyped by a genome-wide association study (GWAS) using an exome chip. Novel exons were identified that influenced tacrolimus trough concentrations and were verified with bootstrap analysis. In donors, two single-nucleotide polymorphisms showed an effect on the CP (rs1927321, rs1057192) and four showed an effect on the SP (rs776746, rs2667662, rs7980521, rs4903096); in recipients, two single-nucleotide polymorphisms showed an effect in the SP (rs7828796, rs776746). Genetic factors played a crucial role in tacrolimus metabolism, accounting for 44.8% in the SP, which was higher than previously reported. In addition, we found that CYP3A5, which is known to affect the metabolism of tacrolimus, only influenced tacrolimus pharmacokinetics in the SP.

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