Table_1_Genetic Variability of Arabidopsis thaliana Mature Root System Architecture and Genome-Wide Association Study.XLSX (27.45 kB)
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Table_1_Genetic Variability of Arabidopsis thaliana Mature Root System Architecture and Genome-Wide Association Study.XLSX

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posted on 28.01.2022, 04:51 by Agnieszka Deja-Muylle, Davy Opdenacker, Boris Parizot, Hans Motte, Guillaume Lobet, Veronique Storme, Pieter Clauw, Maria Njo, Tom Beeckman

Root system architecture (RSA) has a direct influence on the efficiency of nutrient uptake and plant growth, but the genetics of RSA are often studied only at the seedling stage. To get an insight into the genetic blueprint of a more mature RSA, we exploited natural variation and performed a detailed in vitro study of 241 Arabidopsis thaliana accessions using large petri dishes. A comprehensive analysis of 17 RSA traits showed high variability among the different accessions, unveiling correlations between traits and conditions of the natural habitat of the plants. A sub-selection of these accessions was grown in water-limiting conditions in a rhizotron set-up, which revealed that especially the spatial distribution showed a high consistency between in vitro and ex vitro conditions, while in particular, a large root area in the lower zone favored drought tolerance. The collected RSA phenotype data were used to perform genome-wide association studies (GWAS), which stands out from the previous studies by its exhaustive measurements of RSA traits on more mature Arabidopsis accessions used for GWAS. As a result, we found not only several genes involved in the lateral root (LR) development or auxin signaling pathways to be associated with RSA traits but also new candidate genes that are potentially involved in the adaptation to the natural habitats.

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