Table_1_Gene Regulatory Network Guided Investigations and Engineering of Storage Root Development in Root Crops.xlsx (256.5 kB)
Download file

Table_1_Gene Regulatory Network Guided Investigations and Engineering of Storage Root Development in Root Crops.xlsx

Download (256.5 kB)
dataset
posted on 17.06.2020, 16:18 authored by Nam V. Hoang, Chulmin Park, Muhammad Kamran, Ji-Young Lee

The plasticity of plant development relies on its ability to balance growth and stress resistance. To do this, plants have established highly coordinated gene regulatory networks (GRNs) of the transcription factors and signaling components involved in developmental processes and stress responses. In root crops, yields of storage roots are mainly determined by secondary growth driven by the vascular cambium. In relation to this, a dynamic yet intricate GRN should operate in the vascular cambium, in coordination with environmental changes. Despite the significance of root crops as food sources, GRNs wired to mediate secondary growth in the storage root have just begun to emerge, specifically with the study of the radish. Gene expression data available with regard to other important root crops are not detailed enough for us directly to infer underlying molecular mechanisms. Thus, in this review, we provide a general overview of the regulatory programs governing the development and functions of the vascular cambium in model systems, and the role of the vascular cambium on the growth and yield potential of the storage roots in root crops. We then undertake a reanalysis of recent gene expression data generated for major root crops and discuss common GRNs involved in the vascular cambium-driven secondary growth in storage roots using the wealth of information available in Arabidopsis. Finally, we propose future engineering schemes for improving root crop yields by modifying potential key nodes in GRNs.

History

References