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Table_1_Gene Expression Differences Between Young Adults Based on Trauma History and Post-traumatic Stress Disorder.XLSX (14.25 kB)

Table_1_Gene Expression Differences Between Young Adults Based on Trauma History and Post-traumatic Stress Disorder.XLSX

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posted on 2021-04-08, 04:21 authored by Kaitlin E. Bountress, Vladimir Vladimirov, Gowon McMichael, Z. Nathan Taylor, Gary Hardiman, Dongjun Chung, Zachary W. Adams, Carla Kmett Danielson, Ananda B. Amstadter

Background: The purpose of this study was to identify gene expression differences associated with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and trauma exposure (TE) in a three-group study design comprised of those with and without trauma exposure and PTSD.

Methods: We conducted gene expression and gene network analyses in a sample (n = 45) composed of female subjects of European Ancestry (EA) with PTSD, TE without PTSD, and controls.

Results: We identified 283 genes differentially expressed between PTSD-TE groups. In an independent sample of Veterans (n = 78) a small minority of these genes were also differentially expressed. We identified 7 gene network modules significantly associated with PTSD and TE (Bonferroni corrected p ≤ 0.05), which at a false discovery rate (FDR) of q ≤ 0.2, were significantly enriched for biological pathways involved in focal adhesion, neuroactive ligand receptor interaction, and immune related processes among others.

Conclusions: This study uses gene network analyses to identify significant gene modules associated with PTSD, TE, and controls. On an individual gene level, we identified a large number of differentially expressed genes between PTSD-TE groups, a minority of which were also differentially expressed in the independent sample. We also demonstrate a lack of network module preservation between PTSD and TE, suggesting that the molecular signature of PTSD and trauma are likely independent of each other. Our results provide a basis for the identification of likely disease pathways and biomarkers involved in the etiology of PTSD.

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