Table_1_Food-Borne Vibrio parahaemolyticus in China: Prevalence, Antibiotic Susceptibility, and Genetic Characterization.docx
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Vibrio parahaemolyticus is a marine and estuarine bacterium that leads to damage of aquatic industry by foodborne outbreaks and possesses an enormous threat to food safety as well as human health worldwide. In the current study, we investigated 905 food samples (ready-to-eat foods, fish, and shrimp) from 15 provinces in China, and aimed to determine prevalence, biological characteristics and genetic diversity of presumptive V. parahaemolyticus isolates. Firstly, 14.17% of 240 fish samples, 15.34% of 365 shrimp samples and 3.67% of 300 RTE food samples were positive for potential V. parahaemolyticus. Secondly, 69 food samples (14.87%) collected in summer were positive for target isolates, while the rate of positive sample of 441 food samples in winter reached 7.26%. Thirdly, we purified 202 V. parahaemolyticus strains for further research. And antimicrobial susceptibility results of strains tested revealed that the highest resistance rate was observed for ampicillin (79.20%). At the same time, 148 (73.27%) of all isolates were classified and defined as multi-drug resistant foodborne bacteria. The results of PCR assay showed that the isolates being positive for the tdh, trh or both genes, were up to 9.90%, 19.80% or 3.96%. Besides, multiplex PCR test showed that the isolates carrying O2 serogroup were the most prevalent. Furthermore, sequence types (STs) of 108 isolates were obtained via multi-locus sequence typing. Not only 82 STs were detected, but also 41 of which were updated in the MLST database. Thus, our findings significantly demonstrated the high contamination rates of V. parahaemolyticus in fish and shrimp and it may possess potential threat for consumer health. We also provided up-to-date dissemination of antibiotic-resistant V. parahaemolyticus which is important to ensure the high efficacy in the treatment of human and aquatic products infections. Lastly, with the identification of 82 STs including 41 novel STs, this study significantly revealed the high genetic diversity among V. parahaemolyticus. All of our research improved our understanding on microbiological risk assessment in ready-to-eat foods, fish, and shrimp.
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