Table_1_Factors impacting quality of life in multiple system atrophy.pdf
Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is an atypical parkinsonian disorder marked by autonomic dysfunction, parkinsonism, cerebellar dysfunction, and poor response to dopaminergic medications such as levodopa. Patient-reported quality of life is an important benchmark for clinicians and clinical trials. The Unified Multiple System Atrophy Rating Scale (UMSARS) allows healthcare providers to rate and assess MSA progression. The MSA-QoL questionnaire is a health-related quality of life scale intended to provide patient-reported outcome measures. In this article, we investigated inter-scale correlations between the MSA-QoL and UMSARS to determine factors impacting the quality of life of patients with MSA.Methods
Twenty patients at the Johns Hopkins Atypical Parkinsonism Center's Multidisciplinary Clinic with a diagnosis of clinically probable MSA and who filled out the MSA-QoL and UMSARS questionnaires within 2 weeks of each other were included. Inter-scale correlations between MSA-QoL and UMSARS responses were examined. Linear regressions were also performed to examine relationships between both scales.Results
Significant inter-scale correlations were found between the MSA-QoL and UMSARS, both between MSA-QoL total score and UMSARS Part I subtotal scores and for individual scale items. There were no significant correlations between MSA-QoL life satisfaction rating and UMSARS subtotal scores or any specific UMSARS items. Linear regression analysis found significant associations between MSA-QoL total score and UMSARS Part I and total scores, and between MSA-QoL life satisfaction rating and UMSARS Part I, Part II, and total scores (after adjustment for age).Conclusions
Our study demonstrates significant inter-scale correlations between MSA-QoL and UMSARS, particularly relating to activities of daily living and hygiene. MSA-QoL total score and UMSARS Part I subtotal scores, which assess patients' functional status, were significantly correlated. The lack of significant associations between MSA-QoL life satisfaction rating and any UMSARS item suggests there may be aspects to quality of life that are not fully captured by this assessment. Larger cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses utilizing UMSARS and MSA-QoL are warranted and modification of the UMSARS should be considered.