Table_1_Empty Pericarp24 and Empty Pericarp25 Are Required for the Splicing of Mitochondrial Introns, Complex I Assembly, and Seed Development in Maiz.DOC (128.5 kB)
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Table_1_Empty Pericarp24 and Empty Pericarp25 Are Required for the Splicing of Mitochondrial Introns, Complex I Assembly, and Seed Development in Maize.DOC

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posted on 23.12.2020, 04:12 by Zhihui Xiu, Ling Peng, Yong Wang, Huanhuan Yang, Feng Sun, Xiaomin Wang, Shi-Kai Cao, Ruicheng Jiang, Le Wang, Bao-Yin Chen, Bao-Cai Tan

RNA splicing is an essential post-transcriptional regulation in plant mitochondria and chloroplasts. As the mechanism of RNA splicing remains obscure, identification and functional elucidation of new splicing factors are necessary. Through a characterization of two maize mutants, we cloned Empty pericarp 24 (Emp24) and Empty pericarp 25 (Emp25). Both Emp24 and Emp25 encode mitochondrion-targeted P-type PPR proteins. EMP24 is required for the splicing of nad4 introns 1 and 3, which was reported (Ren Z. et al., 2019), and EMP25 functions in the splicing of nad5 introns 1, 2, and 3. Absence of either Nad4 or Nad5 proteins blocks the assembly of mitochondrial complex I, resulting in the formation of a sub-sized complex I of similar size in both mutants. Mass spectrometry identification revealed that the subcomplexes in both mutants lack an identical set of proteins of complex I. These results indicate that EMP24 and EMP25 function in the splicing of nad4 and nad5 introns, respectively, and are essential to maize kernel development. The identification of the subcomplexes provides genetic and molecular insights into the modular complex I assembly pathway in maize.

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