Table_1_Effects of Increasing the Negativity of Implicit Outcome Expectancies on Internet Gaming Impulsivity.docx (14 kB)

Table_1_Effects of Increasing the Negativity of Implicit Outcome Expectancies on Internet Gaming Impulsivity.docx

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posted on 29.04.2020 by Shumeng Hou, Xiaoyi Fang, Nan Zhou, Pengpeng Cai

Outcome expectancies have been found to play important roles in addictive behaviors. Research has shown that implicit outcome expectancies (OE) were significantly correlated with Internet gaming behaviors among players with Internet gaming disorder (IGD). However, few empirical studies have further examined the relationship between implicit OE and players with IGD. This study first strengthened the implicit association between Internet games and negative outcomes using an evaluative conditioning paradigm (EC) and then examined the effects of increasing the negativity of implicit OE on Internet gaming impulsivity. Thirty-nine college students who were diagnosed as players with IGD participated in the study. Manipulation checks showed that after the EC was introduced, participants associated Internet gaming stimuli more closely with negative outcomes than with positive outcomes. After the implicit OE were effectively altered to be negative, players with IGD performed better in the delay discounting paradigm, showing a lower impulsivity with respect to Internet gaming.

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