Table_1_Effectiveness of Standard-Dose vs. Low-Dose Alteplase for Acute Ischemic Stroke Within 3–4.5 h.DOCX (30.77 kB)
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Table_1_Effectiveness of Standard-Dose vs. Low-Dose Alteplase for Acute Ischemic Stroke Within 3–4.5 h.DOCX

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posted on 08.02.2022, 04:07 authored by Chih-Hao Chen, Sung-Chun Tang, Yu-Wei Chen, Chih-Hung Chen, Li-Kai Tsai, Sheng-Feng Sung, Huey-Juan Lin, Hung-Yu Huang, Helen L. Po, Yu Sun, Po-Lin Chen, Lung Chan, Cheng-Yu Wei, Jiunn-Tay Lee, Cheng-Yang Hsieh, Yung-Yang Lin, Li-Ming Lien, Jiann-Shing Jeng
Background

The efficacy and safety of intravenous alteplase administered 34. 5 h after acute ischemic stroke have been demonstrated. However, whether responses differ between low-dose and standard-dose alteplase during this time window and whether certain subgroups benefit more remain unknown.

Patients and Methods

The current analysis was based on a multicenter matched-cohort study conducted in Taiwan. The treatment group comprised 378 patients receiving intravenous alteplase 34.5 h after stroke onset, and the control group comprised 378 age- and sex-matched patients who did not receive alteplase treatment during the same period. Standard- and low-dose alteplase was administered to patients at the physician's discretion.

Results

Overall, patients receiving alteplase exhibited more favorable outcomes than did controls [34.0 vs. 22.7%; odds ratio (OR): 1.75, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.27–1.42], and the effectiveness was consistent in all subgroups. Although patients in the standard-dose group (n = 182) were younger than those in the low-dose (n = 192) group, the proportions of patients with favorable outcomes (36.3 vs. 31.8%; OR: 1.22, 95% CI: 0.80–1.88) and symptomatic hemorrhage (2.8 vs 4.2%; OR: 0.65, 95% CI: 0.21–2.02) were consistently comparable in a covariate-adjusted model and an age-matched cohort. In the subgroup analysis, patients with cardioembolism, atrial fibrillation, and hypercholesterolemia were more likely to achieve favorable outcomes after receiving standard-dose than low-dose alteplase.

Conclusion

In the 34.5-h time window, the effectiveness and safety of standard-dose and low-dose alteplase may be comparable. A standard dose may be selected for patients with cardioembolism, atrial fibrillation, or hypercholesterolemia.

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