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Table_1_Effectiveness, Healthcare Resource Utilization and Adherence to Subcutaneous Interferon Beta-1a According to Age in Patients With Multiple Scl.docx (21.33 kB)

Table_1_Effectiveness, Healthcare Resource Utilization and Adherence to Subcutaneous Interferon Beta-1a According to Age in Patients With Multiple Sclerosis: A Cohort Study Using a US Claims Database.docx

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posted on 2021-07-22, 04:27 authored by Arthur Allignol, Emmanuelle Boutmy, Meritxell Sabidó Espin, Kurt Marhardt, Patrick Vermersch

Background: It is thought that older patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) may present with a different clinical disease phenotype, and therefore respond to subcutaneous interferon beta-1a (sc IFN β-1a) differently to younger patients. However, few real-world data are available concerning the effectiveness of sc IFN β-1a according to age. Using data from US claims databases, this cohort analysis aimed to determine the differences in relapse rates, healthcare utilization, treatment adherence, and discontinuation according to pre-defined age groups.

Methods: Patient data were pooled from the IBM® MarketScan® Commercial Claims Database and Medicare Supplemental Database. Patients with a confirmed MS diagnosis who initiated treatment with sc IFN β-1a between July 01, 2010 and December 31, 2015, along with at least 6 months continuous enrolment in a healthcare plan, were followed from first prescription (index date) until date of discontinuation, treatment switch, or end of observation period (1 year after index date).

Results: Of the 5,340 patients included in the analysis, there was a high proportion of patients free from relapse across all age groups (range: 94.1–95.4%), with a numerical decrease in the number of MRI performed by age (mean: 0.25, 18–30 years; 0.20, 31–40 years; 0.16, 41–50 years; 0.14, ≥51 years). Adherence (≥80%) was seen to increase with age (77.6%, 18–30 years; 79.6%, 31–40 years; 81.3%, 41–50 years; 84.0%, ≥51 years), at the same time as a non-significant decrease in discontinuation (incidence rate: 79.91, 73.01, 71.75, 68.71%).

Conclusion: The effectiveness of sc IFN β-1a does not appear reduced as a consequence of age in this real-world setting. Older patients had lower discontinuation rates and reduced disease activity, reflected in lower relapse rates and fewer MRI scans compared with younger patients.

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