Table_1_Early Diagnosis of Hepatocellular Carcinoma Using Machine Learning Method.DOCX (34.35 kB)

Table_1_Early Diagnosis of Hepatocellular Carcinoma Using Machine Learning Method.DOCX

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posted on 27.03.2020 by Zi-Mei Zhang, Jiu-Xin Tan, Fang Wang, Fu-Ying Dao, Zhao-Yue Zhang, Hao Lin

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a serious cancer which ranked the fourth in cancer-related death worldwide. Hence, more accurate diagnostic models are urgently needed to aid the early HCC diagnosis under clinical scenarios and thus improve HCC treatment and survival. Several conventional methods have been used for discriminating HCC from cirrhosis tissues in patients without HCC (CwoHCC). However, the recognition successful rates are still far from satisfactory. In this study, we applied a computational approach that based on machine learning method to a set of microarray data generated from 1091 HCC samples and 242 CwoHCC samples. The within-sample relative expression orderings (REOs) method was used to extract numerical descriptors from gene expression profiles datasets. After removing the unrelated features by using maximum redundancy minimum relevance (mRMR) with incremental feature selection, we achieved “11-gene-pair” which could produce outstanding results. We further investigated the discriminate capability of the “11-gene-pair” for HCC recognition on several independent datasets. The wonderful results were obtained, demonstrating that the selected gene pairs can be signature for HCC. The proposed computational model can discriminate HCC and adjacent non-cancerous tissues from CwoHCC even for minimum biopsy specimens and inaccurately sampled specimens, which can be practical and effective for aiding the early HCC diagnosis at individual level.

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