Table_1_Diversity of Streptococcus spp. and genomic characteristics of Streptococcus uberis isolated from clinical mastitis of cattle in Bangladesh.docx (39.91 kB)
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Table_1_Diversity of Streptococcus spp. and genomic characteristics of Streptococcus uberis isolated from clinical mastitis of cattle in Bangladesh.docx

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posted on 2023-07-18, 04:28 authored by Jayedul Hassan, Md. Abdus Sattar Bag, Md. Wohab Ali, Ajran Kabir, M. Nazmul Hoque, Muhammad Maqsud Hossain, Md. Tanvir Rahman, Md. Shafiqul Islam, Md. Shahidur Rahman Khan

Streptococci are the major etiology in mastitis in dairy cattle, a cause of huge economic losses in the dairy industries. This study was aimed to determine the diversity of Streptococcus spp. isolated from clinical mastitis of cattle reared in Bangladesh.


A total of 843 lactating cattle reared in four prominent dairy farms and one dairy community were purposively included in this study where 80 cattle were positive to clinical mastitis (CM) based on gross changes in the udder (redness, swelling, and sensitive udder) and/or milk (flakes and/or clots). Milk samples were collected from all the eighty cattle with clinical mastitis (CCM) and twenty five apparently healthy cattle (AHC). Samples were enriched in Luria Bertani broth (LB) and one hundred microliter of the enrichment culture was spread onto selective media for the isolation of Staphylococcus spp., Streptococcus spp., Enterococcus spp., Escherichia coli and Corynebacterium spp., the major pathogen associated with mastitis. Isolates recovered from culture were further confirmed by species specific PCR.

Results and Discussion

Out of 105 samples examined 56.2% (59/105), 17.14% (18/105), 9.52% (10/105) and 22.9% (24/105) samples were positive for Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, Enterococcus faecalis and E. coli, respectively. This study was then directed to the determination of diversity of Streptococcus spp. through the sequencing of 16S rRNA. A total of eighteen of the samples from CCM (22.5%) but none from the AHC were positive for Streptococcus spp. by cultural and molecular examination. Sequencing and phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA identified 55.6, 33.3, 5.6 and 5.6% of the Streptococcus isolates as Streptococcus uberis, Streptococcus agalactiae, Streptococcus hyovaginalis and Streptococcus urinalis, respectively. Considering the high prevalence and worldwide increasing trend of S. uberis in mastitis, in-depth molecular characterization of S. uberis was performed through whole genome sequencing. Five of the S. uberis strain isolated in this study were subjected to WGS and on analysis two novel ST types of S. uberis were identified, indicating the presence of at least two different genotypes of S. uberis in the study areas. On virulence profiling, all the isolates harbored at least 35 virulence and putative virulence genes probably associated with intramammary infection (IMI) indicating all the S. uberis isolated in this study are potential mastitis pathogen. Overall findings suggest that Streptococcus encountered in bovine mastitis is diverse and S. uberis might be predominantly associated with CM in the study areas. The S. uberis genome carries an array of putative virulence factors that need to be investigated genotypically and phenotypically to identify a specific trait governing the virulence and fitness of this bacterium. Moreover, the genomic information could be used for the development of new genomic tools for virulence gene profiling of S. uberis.