Table_1_Deep Learning Improved Clinical Target Volume Contouring Quality and Efficiency for Postoperative Radiation Therapy in Non-small Cell Lung Cancer.DOCX
Datasets usually provide raw data for analysis. This raw data often comes in spreadsheet form, but can be any collection of data, on which analysis can be performed.
Purpose: To investigate whether a deep learning-assisted contour (DLAC) could provide greater accuracy, inter-observer consistency, and efficiency compared with a manual contour (MC) of the clinical target volume (CTV) for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) receiving postoperative radiotherapy (PORT).
Materials and Methods: A deep dilated residual network was used to achieve the effective automatic contour of the CTV. Eleven junior physicians contoured CTVs on 19 patients by using both MC and DLAC methods independently. Compared with the ground truth, the accuracy of the contour was evaluated by using the Dice coefficient and mean distance to agreement (MDTA). The coefficient of variation (CV) and standard distance deviation (SDD) were rendered to measure the inter-observer variability or consistency. The time consumed for each of the two contouring methods was also compared.
Results: A total of 418 CTV sets were generated. DLAC improved contour accuracy when compared with MC and was associated with a larger Dice coefficient (mean ± SD: 0.75 ± 0.06 vs. 0.72 ± 0.07, p < 0.001) and smaller MDTA (mean ± SD: 2.97 ± 0.91 mm vs. 3.07 ± 0.98 mm, p < 0.001). The DLAC was also associated with decreased inter-observer variability, with a smaller CV (mean ± SD: 0.129 ± 0.040 vs. 0.183 ± 0.043, p < 0.001) and SDD (mean ± SD: 0.47 ± 0.22 mm vs. 0.72 ± 0.41 mm, p < 0.001). In addition, a value of 35% of time saving was provided by the DLAC (median: 14.81 min vs. 9.59 min, p < 0.001).
Conclusions: Compared with MC, the DLAC is a promising strategy to obtain superior accuracy, consistency, and efficiency for the PORT-CTV in NSCLC.
Read the peer-reviewed publication