Table_1_Deep Learning-Based Radiomics of B-Mode Ultrasonography and Shear-Wave Elastography: Improved Performance in Breast Mass Classification.DOCX
Shear-wave elastography (SWE) can improve the diagnostic specificity of the B-model ultrasonography (US) in breast cancer. However, whether deep learning-based radiomics signatures based on the B-mode US (B-US-RS) or SWE (SWE-RS) could further improve the diagnostic performance remains to be investigated. We aimed to develop the B-US-RS and SWE-RS and determine their performances in classifying breast masses.Materials and Methods
This retrospective study included 291 women (mean age ± standard deviation, 40.9 ± 12.3 years) from two centers who had US-visible solid breast masses and underwent biopsy and/or surgical resection between June 2015 and July 2017. B-mode US and SWE images of the 198 masses in 198 patients (training cohort) from center 1 were segmented, respectively, to construct B-US-RS and SWE-RS using the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator regression and tested in an independent validation cohort of 65 masses in 65 patients from center 1 and in an external validation cohort of 28 masses in 28 patients from center 2. The performances of B-US-RS and SWE-RS were assessed using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis and compared with that of radiologist assessment [Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS)] and quantitative SWE parameters [maximum elasticity (Emax), mean elasticity (Emean), elasticity ratio (Eratio), and elastic modulus standard deviation (ESD)] by using the McNemar test.Results
The single best-performing quantitative SWE parameter, Emax, had a higher specificity than BI-RADS assessment in the training and independent validation cohorts (P < 0.001 for both). The areas under the ROC curves (AUCs) of B-US-RS and SWE-RS both were 0.99 (95% CI = 0.99–1.00) in the training cohort, 1.00 (95% CI = 1.00–1.00) in the independent validation cohort, and 1.00 (95% CI = 1.00–1.00) in the external validation cohort. The specificities of B-US-RS and SWE-RS were higher than that of Emax in the training (P < 0.001 for both) and independent validation cohorts (P = 0.02 for both).Conclusion
The B-US-RS and SWE-RS outperformed the quantitative SWE parameters and BI-RADS assessment for classifying breast masses. The integration of the deep learning-based radiomics approach would help improve the classification ability of B-mode US and SWE for breast masses.