Table_1_Crosstalk Between Metabolism and Immune Activity Reveals Four Subtypes With Therapeutic Implications in Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma.xlsx (9.34 kB)
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Table_1_Crosstalk Between Metabolism and Immune Activity Reveals Four Subtypes With Therapeutic Implications in Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma.xlsx

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posted on 11.04.2022, 04:53 authored by Yi Wang, Xin-De Zheng, Gui-Qi Zhu, Na Li, Chang-Wu Zhou, Chun Yang, Meng-Su Zeng

Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is characterized by metabolic dysregulation and distinct immunological signatures. The interplay between metabolic and immune processes in the tumor microenvironment (TME) causes the complexity and heterogeneity of immunotherapy responses observed during ccRCC treatment. Herein, we initially identified two distinct metabolic subtypes (C1 and C2 subtypes) and immune subtypes (I1 and I2 subtypes) based on the occurrence of differentially expressed metabolism-related prognostic genes and immune-related components. Notably, we observed that immune regulators with upregulated expression actively participated in multiple metabolic pathways. Therefore, we further delineated four immunometabolism-based ccRCC subtypes (M1, M2, M3, and M4 subtypes) according to the results of the above classification. Generally, we found that high metabolic activity could suppress immune infiltration. Immunometabolism subtype classification was associated with immunotherapy response, with patients possessing the immune-inflamed, metabolic-desert subtype (M3 subtype) that benefits the most from immunotherapy. Moreover, differences in the shifts in the immunometabolism subtype after immunotherapy were observed in the responder and non-responder groups, with patients from the responder group transferring to subtypes with immune-inflamed characteristics and less active metabolic activity (M3 or M4 subtype). Immunometabolism subtypes could also serve as biomarkers for predicting immunotherapy response. To decipher the genomic and epigenomic features of the four subtypes, we analyzed multiomics data, including miRNA expression, DNA methylation status, copy number variations occurrence, and somatic mutation profiles. Patients with the M2 subtype possessed the highest VHL gene mutation rates and were more likely to be sensitive to sunitinib therapy. Moreover, we developed non-invasive radiomic models to reveal the status of immune activity and metabolism. In addition, we constructed a radiomic prognostic score (PRS) for predicting ccRCC survival based on the seven radiomic features. PRS was further demonstrated to be closely linked to immunometabolism subtype classification, immune score, and tumor mutation burden. The prognostic value of the PRS and the association of the PRS with immune activity and metabolism were validated in our cohort. Overall, our study established four immunometabolism subtypes, thereby revealing the crosstalk between immune and metabolic activities and providing new insights into personal therapy selection.