Table_1_Correlation Between Components of Malnutrition Diagnosed by Global Leadership Initiative on Malnutrition Criteria and the Clinical Outcomes in Gastric Cancer Patients: A Propensity Score Matching Analysis.docx
Malnutrition is recognized as a risk factor for poor outcome in patients with gastric cancer (GC). In 2018, the Global Leadership Initiative on Malnutrition (GLIM) published standardized criteria for the diagnosis of malnutrition. Our aim was to investigate whether any of the components of the GLIM diagnostic criteria were related to worse clinical outcomes in patients with GC.Methods
This study analyzed patients with GC who underwent radical gastrectomy in our hospital between 2014 and 2019. A preoperative nutritional assessment was performed for each patient. Matching was based on the presence of three GLIM components: high weight loss (WL), low body mass index (BMI), and low skeletal muscle index (SMI).Results
The analysis included 1,188 patients, including 241 (20.3%) with high WL, 156 (13.1%) with low BMI, and 355 (29.9%) with low SMI. Before matching, patients who met the GLIM component criteria were mostly associated with older age, low nutritional reserves, and late tumor progression. After matching, the clinical characteristics of the three cohorts were balanced. In the matched queue, the survival prognosis of the high WL group was worse than that of the non-WL group, and the postoperative complication rate was higher in the low SMI group than in the normal SMI group (P <0.05). In addition, the clinical outcomes in the low and normal BMI groups were similar (P >0.05).Conclusion
Of the GLIM criteria, high WL and low SMI may be associated with poor clinical outcomes in patients with GC, while a low BMI may not be associated with outcome.