Table_1_Concurrent IgA Nephropathy and Membranous Nephropathy, Is It an Overlap Syndrome?.docx (665.25 kB)

Table_1_Concurrent IgA Nephropathy and Membranous Nephropathy, Is It an Overlap Syndrome?.docx

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posted on 2022-03-11, 04:07 authored by Jia-Wei He, Dong-Feng Cui, Xu-Jie Zhou, Pei Chen, Yang Li, Xue Zhang, Yan-Na Wang, Ting Gan, Li-Jun Liu, Su-Fang Shi, Li Zhu, Ping Hou, Ji-Cheng Lv, Hong Zhang

IgA nephropathy (IgAN) and membranous nephropathy (MN) are common glomerulonephritis, the presence of which in the same patient– concurrent of IgAN and MN (cIgAN/MN) has been described occasionally. This study aims to show clinical-pathological features of cIgAN/MN and attempts to suggest underlying pathogenesis using disease-specific biomarkers and a genomics approach. This retrospective cohort study described the clinical and pathological data from 137 patients with cIgAN/MN diagnosed in Peking University First Hospital from 2005 to 2019. One hundred primary IgAN and 100 MN cases were randomly selected as disease controls between the same time interval. Moreover, disease-specific biomarkers and polygenic risk score models were conducted to reveal the underlying pathogenesis. The median age of the cIgAN/MN cases was 45-year-old, and 46% were women. Compared to IgAN, patients with cIgAN/MN had a higher level of 24-hour proteinuria excretion but lower microscopic hematuria. They had a lower median level of galactose-deficient IgA1 (Gd-IgA1, 4.00 versus 5.45 μg/ml, P=0.002) as well as the standardized genetic risk scores of developing IgAN (GRSs: 0.05 versus 0.68, P<0.001). Compared to MN, patients with cIgAN/MN had a lower proportion of nephrotic syndrome and a lower level of albumin-to-creatinine ratio. However, the 24-hour proteinuria levels, serum lipid profiles, proportion of hypertension, and pathology classification were similar. Patients with cIgAN/MN had lower levels of plasma autoantibodies against the M-type transmembrane phospholipase A2 receptor (PLA2R) (11.23 versus 36.59 U/ml, P=0.005). Intriguingly, there were no statistical differences in standardized GRSs of developing MN between them (2.77 versus 3.02, P=0.326). Compared to IgAN, cIgAN/MN may lean towards MN more according to clinical-pathological features, disease-specific biomarker levels, and disease-specific genetic risk scores.