Table_1_Computer-Aided Classification Framework of Parkinsonian Disorders Using 11C-CFT PET Imaging.DOCX (27.23 kB)
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Table_1_Computer-Aided Classification Framework of Parkinsonian Disorders Using 11C-CFT PET Imaging.DOCX

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posted on 01.02.2022, 16:15 authored by Jiahang Xu, Qian Xu, Shihong Liu, Ling Li, Lei Li, Tzu-Chen Yen, Jianjun Wu, Jian Wang, Chuantao Zuo, Ping Wu, Xiahai Zhuang
Purpose

To investigate the usefulness of a novel computer-aided classification framework for the differential diagnosis of parkinsonian disorders (PDs) based on 11C-methyl-N-2β-carbomethoxy-3β-(4-fluorophenyl)-tropanel (11C-CFT) positron emission tomography (PET) imaging.

Methods

Patients with different forms of PDs—including Parkinson's disease (PD), multiple system atrophy (MSA) and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP)—underwent dopamine transporter (DAT) imaging with 11C-CFT PET. A novel multistep computer-aided classification framework—consisting of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-assisted PET segmentation, feature extraction and prediction, and automatic subject classification—was developed. A random forest method was used to assess the diagnostic relevance of different regions to the classification process. Finally, the performance of the computer-aided classification system was tested using various training strategies involving patients with early and advanced disease stages.

Results

Accuracy values for identifying PD, MSA, and PSP were 85.0, 82.2, and 89.7%, respectively—with an overall accuracy of 80.4%. The caudate and putamen provided the highest diagnostic relevance to the proposed classification framework, whereas the contribution of midbrain was negligible. With the exception of sensitivity for diagnosing PSP, the strategy comprising both early and advanced disease stages performed better in terms of sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value within each PDs subtype.

Conclusions

The proposed computer-aided classification framework based on 11C-CFT PET imaging holds promise for improving the differential diagnosis of PDs.

History

References