Table_1_Composition and diversity of soil bacterial communities under identical vegetation along an elevational gradient in Changbai Mountains, China.doc
Soil bacteria play important roles in biogeochemical cycling and biodiversity in mountain ecosystems. Past studies have investigated the bacterial community composition and diversity in elevation gradations covered by different vegetation types, but for a better assessment of elevation effects, here we studied bacterial communities in soil under identical vegetation cover. High-throughput amplicon sequencing of the V3-V4 region of bacterial 16S rDNA was used to investigate the diversity and composition bacterial communities in soil from 700 to 1,000 m above sea level collected on the north slope of Changbai Mountains, Northeast China. Obviously differences (p < 0.05) in soil physicochemical parameters (i.e., total nitrogen, nitrate and ammonium nitrogen, soil moisture content, available potassium, microbial biomass carbon and nitrogen) were observed at different elevations. Soil bacterial abundance indices (Richness, Chao1, ACE) differed significantly along the elevation gradient, whereas the Shannon index remained unchanged. Principal Coordinates Analysis indicated separated soil bacterial communities of the different elevations. The dominant phyla in all soil samples were Proteobacteria, Acidobacteria, Actinobacteria, Verrucomicrobia, and Bacteroidetes, which in combination reached 80%–85%. Soil pH to some extend related to soil bacterial community along altitude gradations. The relative abundance of a multiple phyla was negatively affected by the soil nutrients, such as ammonium and nitrate nitrogen, available potassium, soil moisture content, available phosphorus, microbial biomass nitrogen and soil organic C. The strongest effects were seen for Proteobacteria. The pH either positively or negatively correlated with specific genera. The soil bacterial function differed significantly among four elevations. The chemoheterotrophy, aerobic chemoheterotrophy and nitrification were the most dominant functions of soil bacteria among four elevations. Overall, the changes in soil physicochemical properties with elevation are important in shaping the bacterial diversity, composition and function in soil with the same above-ground vegetation of Changbai Mountains.