Table_1_Clinical Relevance of PD-L1 Expression and CD8+ T Cells’ Infiltration in Patients With Lung Invasive Mucinous Adenocarcinoma.docx
Invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma (IMA) of the lung is a rare and distinct subtype of adenocarcinoma. At present, people have no idea whether IMA patients can benefit from immunotherapy and target therapy; thus there is an urgent need to clarify the immune microenvironment and genetic characteristics of this cohort.Methods
A total of 31 IMA patients matched with 27 non-mucinous adenocarcinoma (non-IMA) patients were enrolled in this study, and clinical data was collected. The expression of PD-L1, CD8+ tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and ALK was determined by immunohistochemistry. Polymerase Chain Reaction was used to determine the mutations of EGFR. The Chi-square test, Kaplan–Meier method and Cox proportional hazard regression model were used to explore the correlations between these clinicopathological variables, survival and identify risk factors.Results
Of the patients with IMA 9.7% (3/31) revealed positive PD-L1 expression and 35.5% (11/31) showed CD8+ TIL infiltration, which were markedly lower than that of non-IMA group [PD-L1: 48.1% (13/27); CD8: 81.5% (22/27)]. Moreover, five (16.1%) patients in IMA group and 10 (37.0%) patients in non-IMA group had EGFR mutations, and nine (29.0%) patients in IMA group and zero (0.0%) patient in non-IMA group had ALK rearrangements. Additionally, we observed that IMA patients with CD8+ TIL infiltration had a worse prognosis than CD8-negative group (P = 0.024). Multivariate analyses showed that CD8 was an independent prognostic factor for patient’s survival (HR = 5.60, 95% CI: 1.35–23.22, P = 0.017).Conclusion
Patients with IMA have down-regulated expression of PD-L1 and less CD8+ TIL infiltration in tumor microenvironment. Besides, a lower frequency of EGFR mutations was detected in patients with IMA than non-IMA patients while a higher rate of ALK rearrangements was found. Our results provide important reference for therapy of lung IMA.