Table_1_Chemotherapy Decision-Making and Survival Outcomes in Older Women With Early Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: Evidence From Real-World Practice.pdf (17.8 kB)
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Table_1_Chemotherapy Decision-Making and Survival Outcomes in Older Women With Early Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: Evidence From Real-World Practice.pdf

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posted on 2022-04-28, 14:11 authored by Meng Xiu, Pin Zhang, Qing Li, Peng Yuan, Jiayu Wang, Yang Luo, Fei Ma, Ruigang Cai, Ying Fan, Qiao Li, Binghe Xu

Data regarding chemotherapy options and benefits in older women with early triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) are limited. Our study aimed to assess the effects of adjuvant chemotherapy on recurrence-free survival (RFS), breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS), and overall survival (OS) rates in elderly TNBC patients. Patients aged ≥65 years diagnosed with stage I-III TNBC (except T1aN0) between 2010 and 2016 were retrospectively included. Multivariate Cox regression was performed to minimize bias. A total of 177 patients were included with a median age of 69 years (range, 65-86), almost all had a Charlson Comorbidity Index of 0-2, and 127 (71.8%) received chemotherapy. Patients who received chemotherapy were younger, had more advanced-stage disease and had better ECOG performance status (P<0.05). Among the 127 patients who were administered chemotherapy, 45 (35%) received taxane plus carboplatin, 36 (28%) received anthracycline-and-taxane-based regimens, and 23 (18%) received taxane-based regimens. The regimen options differed based on patient age and tumour stage (P<0.05). Nearly 80% of the patients completed ≥6 cycles of chemotherapy, and half had their dosage decreased. After adjustment for confounding factors, patients who received ≥6 cycles of chemotherapy were found to have improved RFS rates (hazard ratio [HR], 0.28; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.09-0.87; P=0.027), and receipt of chemotherapy (≥1 cycle) was associated with better BCSS (HR, 0.19; 95% CI, 0.04-0.97; P=0.046) and OS (HR, 0.26; 95% CI, 0.08-0.87; P=0.029) rates. These results support the considering the risk for recurrence and performing individualized assessments when determining the appropriate chemotherapy approach for older women with early TNBC.

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