Table_1_CD209 C-Type Lectins Promote Host Invasion, Dissemination, and Infection of Toxoplasma gondii.docx (836.3 kB)
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Table_1_CD209 C-Type Lectins Promote Host Invasion, Dissemination, and Infection of Toxoplasma gondii.docx

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posted on 23.04.2020, 04:14 authored by Olivia Adhiambo Njiri, Xiaoyan Zhang, Yingmiao Zhang, Bicong Wu, Lingyu Jiang, Qiao Li, Wenqi Liu, Tie Chen

Toxoplasma gondii, the causative agent of toxoplasmosis and a major opportunistic parasite associated with AIDS, is able to invade host cells of animals and humans. Studies suggested that the ability of host invasion by the tachyzoite, the infectious form of T. gondii, is essential for the pathogenicity to promote its dissemination to other parts of animal hosts. However, the detailed molecular mechanisms for host invasion and dissemination of the parasites are not clear. On the other hand, viruses and bacteria are able to interact with and hijack DC-SIGN (CD209) C-type lectin on antigen presenting cells (APCs), such as dendritic cells and macrophages as the Trojan horses to promote host dissemination. In this study, we showed that invasion of T. gondii into host cells was enhanced by this parasite-CD209 interaction that were inhibited by ligand mimicking-oligosaccharides and the anti-CD209 antibody. Furthermore, covering the exposures of DC-SIGN by these oligosaccharides reduced parasite burden, host spreading and mortality associated with T. gondii infection. These results suggested that interaction of T. gondii to APCs expressing DC-SIGN might promote host dissemination and infection. Can the blockage of this interaction with Mannan and/or anti-CD209 antibody be developed as a prevention or treatment method for T. gondii infection?

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