Table_1_Bleeding Risk Profile in Patients on Oral Anticoagulation Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Interventions: A Prospective 24 Months Cohort Study.DOCX
Background: The Academic Research Consortium has identified a set of major and minor risk factors in order to standardize the definition of a high bleeding risk (ACR-HBR). Oral anticoagulation is a major criterion frequently observed.
Aims: The objective of this study is to quantify the risk of bleeding in patients on oral anticoagulation with at least one additional major ACR-HBR criteria in the Cardio-Fribourg Registry.
Methods: Between 2015 and 2017, consecutive patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention were prospectively included in the Cardio-Fribourg registry. The study population included patients with ongoing long-term oral anticoagulation (OAC) and planned to receive triple antithrombotic therapy. Patients were divided in two groups: patients on OAC with at least one additional major ACR-HBR criteria vs. patients on OAC without additional major ACR-HBR criteria. The primary endpoint was any bleeding during the 24-month follow-up. Secondary bleeding endpoint was defined as Bleeding Academic Research Classification (BARC) ≥3.
Results: Follow-up was completed in 142 patients at high bleeding risk on OAC, of which 33 (23%) had at least one additional major ACR-HBR criteria. The rate of the primary endpoint was 55% in patients on OAC with at least one additional ACR-HBR criteria compared with 14% in patients on OAC without additional ACR-HBR criteria (hazard ratio, 3.88; 95%CI, 1.85–8.14; p < 0.01). Patients with additional major ACR-HBR criteria also experienced significantly higher rates of BARC ≥ 3 bleedings (39% at 24 months).
Conclusion: The presence of at least one additional ACR-HBR criterion identifies patients on OAC who are at very high risk of bleeding after percutaneous coronary intervention.