Table_1_Atypical Response Properties of the Auditory Cortex of Awake MECP2-Overexpressing Mice.DOC (1.01 MB)

Table_1_Atypical Response Properties of the Auditory Cortex of Awake MECP2-Overexpressing Mice.DOC

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posted on 07.05.2019, 10:05 by Chang Zhou, Sumei Yan, Shaowen Qian, Zhaoqun Wang, Zhiyue Shi, Ying Xiong, Yi Zhou

Methyl-CpG binding protein 2 (MECP2) is a gene associated with DNA methylation and has been found to be important for maintaining brain function. In humans, overexpression of MECP2 can cause a severe developmental disorder known as MECP2 duplication syndrome. However, it is still unclear whether MECP2 overexpression also causes auditory abnormalities, which are common in people with autism. MECP2-TG is a mouse model of MECP2 duplication syndrome and has been widely used for research on social difficulty and other autism-like disorders. In this study, we used a combination of multiple electrophysiological techniques to document the response properties of the auditory cortex of awake MECP2-TG mice. Our results showed that while the auditory brainstem responses are similar, cortical activity patterns including local field potentials (LFPs), multiunit activity (MUA), and single-neuron responses differ between MECP2-TG and wild-type (WT) mice. At the single-neuron level, the spike waveform of fast-spiking (FS) neurons from MECP2-TG mice is different from that of WT mice, as reflected by reduced peak/trough ratios in the transgenic mice. Both regular-spiking (RS) and FS neurons exhibited atypical response properties in MECP2-TG mice compared with WT mice, such as prolonged latency and an elevated intensity threshold; furthermore, regarding the response strength to different stimuli, MECP2-TG mice exhibited stronger responses to noise than to pure tone, while this pattern was not observed in WT mice. Our findings suggest that MECP2 overexpression can cause the auditory cortex to have atypical response properties, an implication that could be helpful for further understanding the nature of auditory deficits in autism.