Table_1_An Immune Gene-Related Five-lncRNA Signature for to Predict Glioma Prognosis.DOCX (14.44 kB)
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Table_1_An Immune Gene-Related Five-lncRNA Signature for to Predict Glioma Prognosis.DOCX

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posted on 16.12.2020, 04:57 by Xinzhuang Wang, Ming Gao, Junyi Ye, Qiuyi Jiang, Quan Yang, Cheng Zhang, Shengtao Wang, Jian Zhang, Ligang Wang, Jianing Wu, Hua Zhan, Xu Hou, Dayong Han, Shiguang Zhao
Background

The tumor immune microenvironment is closely related to the malignant progression and treatment resistance of glioma. Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) plays a regulatory role in this process. We investigated the pathological mechanisms within the glioma microenvironment and potential immunotherapy resistance related to lncRNAs.

Method

We downloaded datasets derived from glioma patients and analyzed them by hierarchical clustering. Next, we analyzed the immune microenvironment of glioma, related gene expression, and patient survival. Coexpressed lncRNAs were analyzed to generate a model of lncRNAs and immune-related genes. We analyzed the model using survival and Cox regression. Then, univariate, multivariate, receiver operating characteristic (ROC), and principle component analysis (PCA) methods were used to verify the accuracy of the model. Finally, GSEA was used to evaluate which functions and pathways were associated with the differential genes.

Results

Normal brain tissue maintains a low-medium immune state, and gliomas are clearly divided into three groups (low to high immunity). The stromal, immune, and estimate scores increased along with immunity, while tumor purity decreased. Further, human leukocyte antigen (HLA), programmed cell death-1 (PDL1), T cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain 3 (TIM-3), B7-H3, and cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA4) expression increases concomitantly with immune state, and the patient prognosis worsens. Five immune gene-related lncRNAs (AP001007.1, LBX-AS1, MIR155HG, MAPT-AS1, and LINC00515) were screened to construct risk models. We found that risk scores are related to patient prognosis and clinical characteristics, and are positively correlated with PDL1, TIM-3, and B7-H3 expression. These lncRNAs may regulate the tumor immune microenvironment through cytokine–cytokine receptor interactions, complement, and coagulation cascades, and may promote CD8 + T cell, regulatory T cell, M1 macrophage, and infiltrating neutrophils activity in the high-immunity group. In vitro, the abnormal expression of immune-related lncRNAs and the relationship between risk scores and immune-related indicators (PDL1, CTLA4, CD3, CD8, iNOS) were verified by q-PCR and immunohistochemistry (IHC).

Conclusion

For the first time, we constructed immune gene-related lncRNA risk models. The risk score may be a new biomarker for tumor immune subtypes and provide molecular targets for glioma immunotherapy.

History

References