Table_1_An Eight-CpG-based Methylation Classifier for Preoperative Discriminating Early and Advanced-Late Stage of Colorectal Cancer.xlsx (10.57 kB)
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Table_1_An Eight-CpG-based Methylation Classifier for Preoperative Discriminating Early and Advanced-Late Stage of Colorectal Cancer.xlsx

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posted on 13.01.2021, 05:33 by Ji Hu, Fu-ying Zhao, Bin Huang, Jing Ran, Mei-yuan Chen, Hai-lin Liu, You-song Deng, Xia Zhao, Xiao-fan Han
Aim

To develop and validate a CpG-based classifier for preoperative discrimination of early and advanced-late stage colorectal cancer (CRC).

Methods

We identified an epigenetic signature based on methylation status of multiple CpG sites (CpGs) from 372 subjects in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) CRC cohort, and an external cohort (GSE48684) with 64 subjects by LASSO regression algorithm. A classifier derived from the methylation signature was used to establish a multivariable logistic regression model to predict the advanced-late stage of CRC. A nomogram was further developed by incorporating the classifier and some independent clinical risk factors, and its performance was evaluated by discrimination and calibration analysis. The prognostic value of the classifier was determined by survival analysis. Furthermore, the diagnostic performance of several CpGs in the methylation signature was evaluated.

Results

The eight-CpG-based methylation signature discriminated early stage from advanced-late stage CRC, with a satisfactory AUC of more than 0.700 in both the training and validation sets. This methylation classifier was identified as an independent predictor for CRC staging. The nomogram showed favorable predictive power for preoperative staging, and the C-index reached 0.817 (95% CI: 0.753–0.881) and 0.817 (95% CI: 0.721–0.913) in another training set and validation set respectively, with good calibration. The patients stratified in the high-risk group by the methylation classifier had significantly worse survival outcome than those in the low-risk group. Combination diagnosis utilizing only four of the eight specific CpGs performed well, even in CRC patients with low CEA level or at early stage.

Conclusions

Our classifier is a valuable predictive indicator that can supplement established methods for more accurate preoperative staging and also provides prognostic information for CRC patients. Besides, the combination of multiple CpGs has a high value in the diagnosis of CRC.

History

References