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Table_1_AhNRAMP1 Enhances Manganese and Zinc Uptake in Plants.DOCX
Manganese (Mn) and zinc (Zn) play essential roles in plants. Members of the natural resistance-associated macrophage protein (NRAMP) family transport divalent metal ions. In this research, the function of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) AhNRAMP1 in transporting Mn and Zn, as well as its potential for iron(Fe) and Zn biofortification was examined. AhNRAMP1 transcription was strongly induced by Mn- or Zn-deficiency in roots and stems of peanut. Yeast complementation assays suggested that AhNRAMP1 encoded a functional Mn and Zn transporter. Exogenous expression of AhNRAMP1 in tobacco and rice enhanced Mn or Zn concentrations, improving tolerance to Mn or Zn deficiency. With higher Mn concentration, transgenic plants exhibited inhibited growth under Mn excess condition; similar results were obtained under excessive Zn treatment. AhNRAMP1 expression increased biomass in transgenic tobacco and rice, as well as yield in transgenic rice grown on calcareous soil. Compared with non-transformed (NT) plants, Fe and Zn concentrations were elevated whereas concentrations of Mn, copper (Cu), and cadmium (Cd) were not enhanced. These results revealed that AhNRAMP1 contributes to Mn and Zn transport in plants and may be a candidate gene for Fe and Zn biofortification.
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