Table_1_Age-Related Differences in Molecular Profiles for Immune Checkpoint Blockade Therapy.docx (30.34 kB)
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Table_1_Age-Related Differences in Molecular Profiles for Immune Checkpoint Blockade Therapy.docx

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posted on 15.04.2021, 05:10 by Qi-jie Zhang, Jiao-chen Luan, Le-bin Song, Rong Cong, Cheng-jian Ji, Xiang Zhou, Jia-dong Xia, Ning-hong Song

Immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) therapies have significantly improved the prognosis and shown considerable promise for cancer therapy; however, differences in ICB treatment efficacy between the elderly and young are unknown. We analyzed the studies enrolled in the meta-analysis using the deft approach, and found no difference in efficacy except melanoma patients receiving anti–PD-1 therapy. Similarly, higher treatment response rate and more favorable prognosis were observed in elderly patients in some cancer types (e.g., melanoma) with data from published ICB treatment clinical trials. In addition, we comprehensively compared immunotherapy-related molecular profiles between elderly and young patients from public trials and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), and validated these findings in several independent datasets. We discovered a divergent age-biased immune profiling, including the properties of tumors (e.g., tumor mutation load) and immune features (e.g., immune cells), in a pancancer setting across 27 cancer types. We believe that ICB treatment efficacy might vary depending on specific cancer types and be determined by both the tumor internal features and external immune microenvironment. Considering the high mutational properties in elderly patients in many cancer types, modulating immune function could be beneficial to immunotherapy in the elderly, which requires further investigation.

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