Table_1_Aberrant Metabolic Patterns Networks in Insular Epilepsy.DOCX
Introduction: Insular epilepsy is clinically challenging. This study aimed to map cerebral metabolic networks in insular epilepsy and investigate their graph-theoretic properties, with the goal of elucidating altered metabolic network architectures that underlie interictal hypometabolism.
Aims: Fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (18F-FDG-PET) imaging was performed in 17 individuals with a stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG) confirmed diagnosis of insula epilepsy and 14 age- and sex-matched healthy comparison individuals. Metabolic covariance networks were mapped for each group and graph theoretical analyses of these networks were undertaken. For each pair of regions comprising a whole-brain parcellation, regionally-averaged FDG uptake values were correlated across individuals to estimate connection weights.
Results: Correlation in regionally-averaged FDG uptake values in the insular epilepsy group was substantially increased for several pairs of regions compared to the healthy comparison group, particularly for the opercular cortex and subcortical structures. This effect was less prominent in brainstem structures. Metabolic covariance networks in the epilepsy group showed reduced small-worldness as well as altered nodal properties in the ipsilateral hemisphere, compared to the healthy comparison group.
Conclusions: Cerebral glucose metabolism in insular epilepsy is marked by a lack of normal regional heterogeneity in metabolic patterns, resulting in metabolic covariance networks that are more tightly coupled between regions than healthy comparison individuals. Metabolic networks in insular epilepsy exhibit altered topological properties and evidence of potentially compensatory formation of aberrant local connections. Taken together, these results demonstrate that insular epilepsy is a systemic neurological disorder with widespread disruption to cerebral metabolic networks.
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