Table_1_A Random Forest Sub-Golgi Protein Classifier Optimized via Dipeptide and Amino Acid Composition Features.xls (69.5 kB)

Table_1_A Random Forest Sub-Golgi Protein Classifier Optimized via Dipeptide and Amino Acid Composition Features.xls

Download (69.5 kB)
dataset
posted on 04.09.2019, 11:56 by Zhibin Lv, Shunshan Jin, Hui Ding, Quan Zou

To gain insight into the malfunction of the Golgi apparatus and its relationship to various genetic and neurodegenerative diseases, the identification of sub-Golgi proteins, both cis-Golgi and trans-Golgi proteins, is of great significance. In this study, a state-of-art random forests sub-Golgi protein classifier, rfGPT, was developed. The rfGPT used 2-gap dipeptide and split amino acid composition for the feature vectors and was combined with the synthetic minority over-sampling technique (SMOTE) and an analysis of variance (ANOVA) feature selection method. The rfGPT was trained on a sub-Golgi protein sequence data set (137 sequences), with sequence identity less than 25%. For the optimal rfGPT classifier with 93 features, the accuracy (ACC) was 90.5%; the Matthews correlation coefficient (MCC) was 0.811; the sensitivity (Sn) was 92.6%; and the specificity (Sp) was 88.4%. The independent testing scores for the rfGPT were ACC = 90.6%; MCC = 0.696; Sn = 96.1%; and Sp = 69.2%. Although the independent testing accuracy was 4.4% lower than that for the best reported sub-Golgi classifier trained on a data set with 40% sequence identity (304 sequences), the rfGPT is currently the top sub-Golgi protein predictor utilizing feature vectors without any position-specific scoring matrix and its derivative features. Therefore, the rfGPT is a more practical tool, because no sequence alignment is required with tens of millions of protein sequences. To date, the rfGPT is the Golgi classifier with the best independent testing scores, optimized by training on smaller benchmark data sets. Feature importance analysis proves that the non-polar and aliphatic residues composition, the (aromatic residues) + (non-polar, aliphatic residues) dipeptide and aromatic residues composition between NH2-termial and COOH-terminal of protein sequences are the three top biological features for distinguishing the sub-Golgi proteins.

History

References

Licence

Exports