Table_1_A Prognostic Model for Acute Myeloid Leukemia Based on IL-2/STAT5 Pathway-Related Genes.xlsx (11.81 kB)

Table_1_A Prognostic Model for Acute Myeloid Leukemia Based on IL-2/STAT5 Pathway-Related Genes.xlsx

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posted on 2022-02-02, 04:21 authored by Yigang Tang, Shujun Xiao, Zhengyuan Wang, Ying Liang, Yangfei Xing, Jiale Wu, Min Lu

Accurate prognostic stratification of patients can provide guidance for personalized therapy. Many prognostic models for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) have been reported, but most have considerable inaccuracies due to contained variables with insufficient capacity of predicting survival and lack of adequate verification. Here, 235 genes strongly related to survival in AML were systematically identified through univariate Cox regression analysis of eight independent AML datasets. Pathway enrichment analysis of these 235 genes revealed that the IL-2/STAT5 signaling pathway was the most highly enriched. Through Cox proportional-hazards regression model and stepwise algorithm, we constructed a six-gene STAT5-associated signature based on the most robustly survival-related genes related to the IL-2/STAT5 signaling pathway. Good prognostic performance was observed in the training cohort (GSE37642-GPL96), and the signature was validated in seven other validation cohorts. As an independent prognostic factor, the STAT5-associated signature was positively correlated with patient age and ELN2017 risk levels. An integrated score based on these three prognostic factors had higher prognostic accuracy than the ELN2017 risk category. Characterization of immune cell infiltration indicated that impaired B-cell adaptive immunity, immunosuppressive effects, serious infection, and weakened anti-inflammatory function tended to accompany high-risk patients. Analysis of in-house clinical samples revealed that the STAT5-assocaited signature risk scores of AML patients were significantly higher than those of healthy people. Five chemotherapeutic drugs that were effective in these high-risk patients were screened in silico. Among the five drugs, MS.275, a known HDAC inhibitor, selectively suppressed the proliferation of cancer cells with high STAT5 phosphorylation levels in vitro. Taken together, the data indicate that the STAT5-associated signature is a reliable prognostic model that can be used to optimize prognostic stratification and guide personalized AML treatments.