Table_1_A Nomogram Predicts Individual Prognosis in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma by Integrating the Extent of Resection of Non-Enhancing.docx (17.64 kB)
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Table_1_A Nomogram Predicts Individual Prognosis in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma by Integrating the Extent of Resection of Non-Enhancing Tumors.docx

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posted on 02.12.2020, 14:22 by Zhe Zhang, Zeping Jin, Dayuan Liu, Yang Zhang, Chunzhao Li, Yazhou Miao, Xiaohan Chi, Jie Feng, Yaming Wang, Shuyu Hao, Nan Ji
Background

The extent of resection of non-contrast enhancing tumors (EOR-NCEs) has been shown to be associated with prognosis in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma (nGBM). This study aimed to develop and independently validate a nomogram integrated with EOR-NCE to assess individual prognosis.

Methods

Data for this nomogram were based on 301 patients hospitalized for nGBM from October 2011 to April 2019 at the Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University. These patients were randomly divided into derivation (n=181) and validation (n=120) cohorts at a ratio of 6:4. To evaluate predictive accuracy, discriminative ability, and clinical net benefit, concordance index (C-index), receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, calibration curves, and decision curve analysis (DCA) were calculated for the extent of resection of contrast enhancing tumor (EOR-CE) and EOR-NCE nomograms. Comparison between these two models was performed as well.

Results

The Cox proportional hazards model was used to establish nomograms for this study. Older age at diagnosis, Karnofsky performance status (KPS)<70, unmethylated O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) status, wild-type isocitrate dehydrogenase enzyme (IDH), and lower EOR-CE and EOR-NCE were independent factors associated with shorter survival. The EOR-NCE nomogram had a higher C-index than the EOR-CE nomogram. Its calibration curve for the probability of survival exhibited good agreement between the identical and actual probabilities. The EOR-NCE nomogram showed superior net benefits and improved performance over the EOR-CE nomogram with respect to DCA and ROC for survival probability. These results were also confirmed in the validation cohort.

Conclusions

An EOR-NCE nomogram assessing individualized survival probabilities (12-, 18-, and 24-month) for patients with nGBM could be useful to provide patients and their relatives with health care consultations on optimizing therapeutic approaches and prognosis.

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